Belgian Malinois

separation-anxiety-malinois

Your dog ate your new sofa , ripped the living room carpet , shredded your favorite pair of jeans , and finally relieving himself on the floor of the bathroom! He greeted you guiltily … Or worse, as if nothing had happened ! Also, your neighbors call you to alert you that barked all afternoon !

separation-anxiety-dog

This picture makes me laugh however even if I never been in this extreme situation, it is real! This can be your new sofa if you don’t train your dog to be independent….

Symptoms of canine separation anxiety:

 –        Incessant barking or howling

–        Destruction points near exits (doors, windows )

–        Destruction of familiar objects to the owner (shoes , sheets )

–        Excitement to the owner ‘s return

–        Excessive panting and / or excessive salivation or Hyper vigilance, Uncleanliness Stress when anticipation at the owner departure

–        Excessive loss of hair Escapes ( cage , garden , house) excessive water consumption

–        Follows its owner everywhere without stopping

–        Do not eat when alone

My own experience with Separation Anxiety:

After reading several articles, I do understand why Sky is always glue to me: it is a form of Separation anxiety as well as hyper-attachment and it is true that when I leave the house he starts barking. Also Shiva is really anxious, she would destroy everything (wall, toys… Anything!). Now that she had her puppies she is quieter and I hope it is going to last for ever! However I made my investigation about this psychological trouble because it can become a huge handicap.

Anyway I do also undersand that I made them this way, if Sky is hyper-attached to me it is because I provided him too much attention and spoiled him. Regarding Shiva I think that my biggest mistake when she was 3 to 6 month was that I took her everywhere with me! Even at work , therefore she never learnt to be alone. And before she had her litter I couldn’t leave the house, she had to be in a kennel outside and even that she was digging or jumping to escape and meet me! So now that I have a new puppy home I am planning to meet a behaviorist and trainer in order to have a peaceful cohabitation even if they are better now it is never a luxe to meet a behaviorist.

Keep your distance to avoid separation anxiety!

From a young age, the mother teaches her puppies to separate gradually from her. She does not respond to all requests, requires him to sleep away from her, pushes it glue. Thus, at puberty, the puppy is definitely detached and saw his adult life in the hierarchy in the family system. Upon arrival in a new home, the puppy attaches quickly to one or more individuals. The owners often make the mistake of too much “spoil” the puppy. They pet and cuddle as soon as the puppy demands, and give it the dominant powers such as to let him eat first when watching him and accept he sleeps in height on the couch, on the bed “He’s so cute!” Yes he is, however, this may have consequences for the future life with your puppy. When acting this way, the puppy do not perform the detachment necessary to be independent. Therefore, when the dog sees his owner going out, he becomes anxious and hyper-obvious distress destroying and barking. In a word, he is dependent on his owner!

What to do to avoid Separation Anxiety?

If your dog is already anxious when you leave, you have, little by little, teach him to be independent of you:

To do :

  • Entertain him: provide adequate exercise is a good start. A bored dog or if he is too full of energy can show symptoms of anxiety that actually are not! Let him something to entertain in your absence: kongs, interactive games, bones.
  • Let the music: sometimes outside noise can stimulate anxiety.
  • He has to sleep in another room.
  • Break the rituals of departure and return: before leaving, ignore your dog for half an hour, so he does not associate the leaving with no contact between you.

You must do the same on your return: if he is jump everywhere to welcome you, ask him to go to bed in his basket, and pet him on your own, half an hour later.

  • Record when you are absent: this will give you a good idea of his comings and goings as well as its behavior. This will also help to talk to your teacher.

Not to do :

  • Leaving without your dog realizes it: by doing this you ‘lying’ to your dog and as in any relationship, lies breaks trust. You might as well increase your dog hyper vigilance.
  • Get angry returning or punish your dog. Remember that these are panic attacks and your dog does more control in your absence, he is not himself.
  • Using bark control tools (citronella collar, electric collar or vibration): it is only hiding a symptom that is anxiety, therefore you don’t help your dog to cure. Also, your dog may be self-injured.
  • Adopt another dog: it is a double-edged swor, you can find yourself with not one but two dogs with anxiety!
  • Do not allow him to spend the night with you on the bed or even in the room.
  • Do not always meet the demands of the dog when he comes to pick caresses, but then call him to play, pet him even if it is only few minutes after you push him away. It’s always you who must initiate contact with the dog.
  • Do not accept he is always behind you and sometimes send him in his basket so it will not be in the same room as you.
  • If he cries, do not answer it, even to reprimand because it will associate your return to his cries, not a reprimand! Therefore he will keep doing it.
  • If the dog does damage, do not scold him and do not clean in front of him, he would not understand and would be more anxious.

If this doesn’t work and that the barking of your dog creates trouble with your neighbors, it is better to meet a behaviorist or veterinary in order to find the best way to cure him. Some natural medicines exists to help him learn the separation easily.

 

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beware of dog malinois

Small dog vs Big dog biting!

I do not agree on the fact that because the Belgian Malinois is a big dog or a dog that likes biting in training, that he is more dangerous than a small dog. Actually I believe that all depends on the obedience and the training you provide to your dog. A small poodle dog not trained can be much more dangerous than a Belgian Malinois well trained! So we can leave that gossip part to the “Urban Legends”!

Biting training

Regarding my experience with my own dogs, Sky was trained with Police and I taught him to bite, which everybody around me (inexperienced friends or family) told me that I was crazy to teach him that…. I totally disagree on this point! A dog knows how to bite no matter what, it is in his instinct, so teaching him how to control his bite and stop is much better than let him experienced that by himself on the wrong person! Anyway, this was my choice. I decide to go to the most experienced trainers (police) to do that and I highly recommend to never teaching your dog to bite by yourself. It has to be always secure with a professional that have special equipment too. Besides, I decided to teach the biting to Sky when I was learning French Ring and it is an important part of this sport. By the way it is an amazing sport and I would love to do it again here in Florida. I will write about that sport another day.

A dog is a dog

That said to tell you I never had biting situation with my Malinois, Sky. But keep in mind that a dog is still a dog and you cannot force an animal to act the same way as a human. There is some situation that I understand I have to adapt to my dogs in order for them to not being aggressive: of course Sky is jealous and protective… He doesn’t like anybody to grab me or hug me too much. It even happened that he pinches some of my friends / boyfriend when they try to carry me in front of him. It is my fault! Not because he is trained to bite but because I shouldn’t put him in this situation. Then I know I have to be careful and warn my friends “do not do that, he is going to bite you”… When my Malinois, Sky, pinches somebody in this situation, I cannot be mad at him because this is his instinct of protection. He pinched them to warn. Keep in mind that a dog who wants to bite: bites! And this can be dramatic. Sky is not aggressive he is just a good protective dog.

So regarding biting I wouldn’t say that Sky who was trained for that purpose in French Ring is more dangerous than another dog that was never trained.

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training-dog-water

If you are the lucky owner of one of my puppy you should not really worried about that because the puppies are used to water since they are little. I use a baby pool in the middle of the garden then when it is too hot (Miami summer !) they go by themselves in the pool and it is very funny to see.

I did welcome one puppy of the litter in my family, I couldn’t hold myself … They are so cute and I love them so much! His name was Milan and now he is Manzo. So I will have 2 malinois males and 1 female: Sky, Manzo and Shiva. It might look too much for some people 3 big dogs, but honestly 2 or 3 dogs it is quite the same.

So for the beach I train myself my new puppy and I should say that I was really impressed by his behavior, he is a warrior nothing scare him! He followed me little by little in the ocean and even swim with his little feets… Adorable! But I know that it is only the first time and I will have to repeat that situation several to make sure he is confident in water.

Tips to get your puppy becomes water friendly:

1.You need to familiarize gradually the dog with water. No way to splash upon its approach because your puppy will negatively associated water. The first experiment must be absolutely positive to evolve in the following steps .

2. Start up close to the water with encouragement, your dog might seem not very enthusiastic. If your 4 legged companion has a very hesitant behavior, then do not hesitate to slow down the learning , and repeat the first step later.

3. The next step is to dip your dog’s paws in the water without forcing him. Leave him quietly test the water by moving progressively with him. Feel free to encourage by offering some tasty treats or a floating toy.

4. Having successfully managed to make him put his legs in the water, you can just walk into the water. Remember that you are supposed to be the leader of your dog . You are the one who secures who shows the example to follow and rewards in good times . This is how your dog will be more relaxed and comfortable with the water. Talk to him with a soft voice ( ” good boy” ) and move forward little by little in the water and do not try to go too fast.

5. When your dog’s feet leave the bottom of the water for the first time , get ready to analyze his reaction. Some dogs might begin by panic with a lack of technique then splash with the front legs , which drains quickly their body energy. If you see that he is doing great and his a good swimmer, then praise him ! Otherwise , place a hand at the chest and the other under the belly of your dog. Walk with him now and support him until he is comfortable to manage swimming without your help. If he starts to swim by controlling , release him slowly.

A dog life jacket

 The dogs have no concept of depth , so for her safety , I recommend you to equip your companion in a life jacket for dog especially if you go in the middle of the ocean. It is not because he is a dog that can not flow .

Just like humans, dogs can also suffer of faintness such as cramps … and even the best swimmers are not immune, so keep a very watchful eye.

malinois-dog-life-jacket

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Puppies malinois for sale

 

Just to let you know, I would never imagined it would be so hard to take care of 12 cute and amazing Malinois puppies (with 2 adults dogs). So to make things clear, unless I buy a beautiful ranch with hectares of lands in the middle of nowhere (which I would love to), I won’t breed my dogs anymore. This time it was a minute of inattention of myself, and to avoid that type of situation; I will spay Shiva soon. It’s sad but that is for the best of everybody J

Again I do not recommend you mate your Malinois unless you are well prepared and you thought about all consequences for the female, the puppies and you.

  • Here, Shiva is extremely tired and skinny. Even if I give her the best food ever, triple her portions and also no matter if she doesn’t feed her puppies since they are 2 weeks and a half. So I can say that it is really affecting her health.
  • The puppies need a good environment and need to be feed, clean, raise … Then you will need to select the perfect new family for them.
  • You? You will get extremely exhausted, trust me! It is like having 12 babies at home, they cry at night because they are hungry so you need to wake up and feed them. Even if at 4 weeks they start going to the pads to pee … multiply that by 12 puppies so you need to clean, clean and clean again! Read my article : Breeding or not Breeding  your Malinois

Let me go back to the main topic of this article.

What equipment do you need to take care of 12 puppies:

  • Patience (ahah)
  • Powder puppies milk (I chose Petlac – see other articles)
  • Good puppies food (I like Taste of the Wild but I also try Acana for Sky only and It’s a very good food as well)
  • 1 baby’s bottle when the puppies are little and they cannot chew
  • 2 large plastic bowls (to feed the pups when they grow up)
  • Dog potty training bought at Petsmart – even if it doesn’t avoid them to pee everywhere (because 12 pups is a lot) it’s still better. And more healthy than News Paper!
  • Dog Pad holder – yes otherwise the pad move and you will get a ball of pad with pee everywhere around.
  • Pet Stain and Odor Remover because the smell is not the best.
  • 1 candle so I chose the soya candle then it looks more natural to me.
  • Toys because they need to play
  • Crate to keep them inside and controle where they are going
  • A mop + bucket to clean
  • Baby wipes to clean the puppies after feeding them or when they are dirty.
  • puppies malinois for sale
    Here we go, and I am sure I forgot something, so I will add it later if I think about it 🙂

 

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Feeding the dog

The dog may lose its appetite for 48 hours after the birth of her puppies. Shiva never feels not eating … which it’s a good thing because even in action (when she was giving birth) she ate!

Following the advises of my favorite breeder (I talked about here here), the first week I gave her a very healthy and protein food:

  • Usual dry puppies food (I choose Taste of The Wild and talked about it here )
  • Boiled Yams or Pumpkin
  • Rice – because the first week she has diarrhea which it’s the normal consequences of eating placenta of puppies
  • Boiled chicken breast
  • Puppies milk replacement – I use Petlac Milk Powder for puppies Shiva loves it J

Then, milk production and feeding puppies requires a very large amount of energy and proteins. At peak lactation, that is to say 3 to 4 weeks after birth, the dog must eat 2-3 times (and up to 4 times for large breed dogs that have had a large litter) with respect to its basic ration. A mother dog, multiplied her protein needs by 4 or 6.

To meet the nutritional needs of a bitch nursing, you need to provide her specific and adapted foods.

With Puppy Milk Replacement and puppy food, you optimize milk production of the bitch, which ensures good health and good growth puppy. The dog stays in shape and doesn’t need to draw on her reserves to feed her puppies.

Bleeding

That is the bad part of having a litter is that the first weeks your bitch is still going to loose blood for some weeks. If the smell is bad or your female looks really tired, doesn’t want to eat, consult a veterinary in urgency. Here my only advise is get ready with a mop. Also you can clean her coat with hot water and a clean tissue. For cleaning and odor, I use a stain and odor remover spray before and after mopping: NATURE’S MIRACLE™ Hard Floor Cleaner Dual Action Pet Stain & Odor Remover and I like to always light a candle made from soy wax that I bought at wholefood or even Yankee candle.

To have healthy puppies keep in mind that the mother health is first also she needs your reassurance and attention as much as the pups.

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How to take care pregnant Malinois dog

The pregnant Malinois dog needs balanced diet. Also in order to have the best conditions of gestation and pups in perfect conditions, she needs to be in perfect health (date vaccinations, deworming, and pest control.

The pregnant dog

Gestation has a very constant term in the dog: 63 days (+ -1 day) after ovulation. Here for Shiva first pregnancy it took exactly 63 days!

Pregnancy diagnostic

To diagnose pregnancy you can do it at your veterinarian by:

– Blood test as early as you want.

– An ultrasound from 21 to about 25 days.

– Radiography can be performed from 45 days of gestation. However, it is prudent to wait 50 days to be sure you see all fetuses and assess their size relative to that of the mother’s pelvis, whether pups are likely to get stuck during birth (which is very rare in dogs).

The breasts begin to grow in the second half of pregnancy and milk is now one week before farrowing (two to three days at the first range).

I didn’t do any radiography to know how many puppies Shiva would have which I really recommend to do because during the whelping I was really worried that one was left inside, plus I had no idea of how many puppies to expect. So if you can, I suggest you do the radiography.

Feeding the dog during gestation

The mother should be fed with a balanced diet, rich and digestible. An industrial dry food is the best and least expensive solution. If you choose a good quality food, no mineral or vitamin supplement is necessary. However, choose a rich food is important because it should provide the essential elements for the mother but also to his puppies. In addition, during the second half of pregnancy she prepares the milk flow, which also takes a lot of energy and minerals.

As soon as I knew Shiva was pregnant I used puppies food, my best advisor and breeder from Ruidoso Malinois suggested me to feed her with Taste of The Wild. I wanted to change for Orijen but she said its too rich for the Malinois so I order online on Amazon Taste of the Wild Grain-Free Pacific Stream Dry Dog Food for Puppy, 30-Pound Bag. Processed foods are specially designed to meet the needs of pregnant dogs. These foods are also those that are suitable for puppies at weaning.

If you change food, it is always advisable to make a transition when changing food diet, to avoid triggering diarrhea. Just insert the new food in the old regime, gradually increasing the dose and decreasing the old food over three or four days.

Tips:  Shiva was very big so I could imagine she had lots of pups inside her. To cover her needs in protein I gave her everyday 1 hard boiled egg. Plus 1 week before her whelping I added puppies milk in her food.

The mother health

The period from mid-gestation is ideal for immunization reminders. The mother will be able to transmit to her pups via the first milk (called colostrum), a large amount of antibodies (which allow the puppy to defend against disease). Some vaccines can be done during pregnancy, ask your veterinarians for advice because mine suggested to not doing her vaccines before whelping.

It is also the ideal time to start a worming program and if needed, it will be good also to get rid of all external parasites (fleas mainly) of the mother by treating one week before whelping. Always ask advice to a veterinarian before giving medicines.

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Malinois-breeding-puppies

If he might not look like much, the Belgian Malinois is capable of anything, the Malinois is the undisputed master of all sports and utilities. He will never be a fashion dog but he will always be the loyal companion of the sportive hobbyist, from dressage hobbyist, military, policeman or fireman, always ready to defend or save lives.

His dog sports reputation and incorruptible police dog must not forget that the Malinois is especially true companion of man. He lives for his owner. Simple winks, the smallest voice solicitation, any master gesture is immediately interpreted as communication opportunities of great intensity.

Very attentive and vigilant, his sense of ownership and courage are very pronounced, this makes him an excellent watchdog. If he has to be reactive to intruders, it does not mean to be aggressive with visitors. He must be sociable and balanced. With children, he is a patient and affectionate companion, never tired of playing. Temperamental dog, the Malinois request a trainer who will educate him firmly while respecting its sensitivity, it goes without saying that he needs a energetic owner.

Active, lively, the Malinois is a dog who want and need to care. Real working dog he can be satisfied with a disorderly life. He lives at 100 miles an hour and you have to follow!

The Malinois is the quintessential working dog. Versatile, he can do anything, voluntary, he wants everything.

The Malinois is the undisputed king of the ring, he climbs on the podium in all disciplines to bite.
With great flair, he has excellent results in tracking test but also humanitarian research. Within the army, it is often chosen for the search for missing or to find possible explosives or drugs.
Accomplice and energetic, he can give a lot in agility, he has enough to compete with all the dogs of his size. In musical canine freestyle, it is sufficiently agile and cunning to make all the choreographies that pass through your mind. Finally, flyball frisbee as he shows his athletic potential in his desire to play and running.

1 word to make him happy: entertainment !

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Coat colors

In France, the single Malinois coat is rich fawn to mahogany, with black tips on the hairs, as well as black ears and mask.  The coat of the Malinois is short, tan and sometimes sprinkled with gray overlay. His mask is always black. However this can vary:

malinois physic

1st photo: the coat can go with red tones
2nd picture: Or go to the lighter tones, more “sand”
3rd picture: The amount of black overlay can be important
4th picture: Or unimportant or even with no mask
5th picture: The tones can go to gray

In Belgium the black coat is recognised by the NVBK.

Malinois physic

The Belgian Shepherd Malinois physic has harmonious proportions. He is rustic, but medium proportions. Often compared to the German Shepherd, he is much lighter, more flexible and smaller than the German Sheperd. The average male is around 62cm / 24in, while the female is around 58cm/ 22in. Weight level, the male is generally between 25kg / 55lbs and 35kg / 77lbs, the female is lighter.

His head is fine, well chiselled and long without exaggeration. For the vast majority, they have dark brown eyes that contrasts somewhat with their dress. As for the German Shepherd, his ears are pointed, triangular and erect, and usually dark colored (often black). Its tail is full and carried low, hanging when the dog is at rest and raised when in action.

 

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malinois breeding puppies

Why it is better to not breed your dogs?

For the female, it is now proven that a female spayed before her first heat almost never risk of developing mammary tumor (a leading cause of death in the dog).

Also, a sprayed dog will never be subject to very uncomfortable nerve lactations or to metritis which the consequences can be extremely serious.

Moreover, at least to exercise supervision at all times during the heat of your dog, you’re never safe from a misalliance. You soon realize that the cost of injections to abort your dog eventually exceed the price of a single sterilization.

Therefore, if you do not want to let reproduce, made neuter your dog from the age of 6 months! This will avoid many inconveniences for the future …

Regarding the male, castration is not commonly practiced, yet it has only advantages. The neutered dog is calmer and less runaway. This does not mean that the castration is the cure for all behaviors problems! Neutering also prevents infection of the prostate same as testicular tumors, common in older dogs.

Then you  need to think about million of dogs that are abandoned every year. Would you like one of your puppies to suffer of that or be the victim of mistreatment? I would not recommend to breed your dog if he is not pure breed or have any papers.

Despite that, if you still take the responsibility to breed your Malinois, see some advices below:

Advices prior to breeding:

Breeding is an amazing experience however you should know that it is costly and time consuming.

  1. It is better to do a health test with your veterinary. This test cannot be certified until the dog is at least 2 years old.
  2. Before this age it is not recommended to breed a dog because the female might not have the maternal instinct to properly raise a healthy litter. With no maternal instinct, she will not take care of her puppies and then you will have to replace her yourself. So it is very important that the female is mature both physically and mentally before having pups.
  3. The Malinois is a working breed, it is incredibly important to work and title your dog prior to breeding, in one of the venues the breed excels at – herding, Schutzhund, ringsport, any of those.

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Malinois-breeding-puppies

Here I wanted to share my  own and first experience in Malinois Breeding:

Let me explain you, how I came to write about Malinois breeding without being in this field and being a professional breeder.

I am passionated about Malinois, for me they are the smartest dog ever. So you already know that I have my 2 pure breeds Malinois, Sky (Domino du Domaine de Seugidor) a male from France and Shiva a female from Miami FL. Read the About Section to know more.

Therefore everything that I write here is based on my experience with my own Malinois, advises that I received from breeders, trainers and my knowledges from reading and looking for information everywhere.

Sky is 8 years old already and I planned to breed him to have a puppy of him with Shiva for myself. I planned that for later, in 1 or 2 years, not now! Anyway, what happened, happened and today I assume the beautiful concequences!

The first time Shiva was in heat, I was very well organised to separate them and make sure to always keep an eye on them. But, the second time, Sky was uncontrollable….. it took only 5 minutes of inadvertence from me and that was done. They were glue!

Here are the pictures of my 2 Malinois Mating. I took it to send to my professional contacts to ask “what should I do? “ I wanted to stop them! I was not ready for raising puppies now… But let me tell you, do not ever try to separate them it can be dramatic for both of them with chirurgical problems. So now, let’s say that those pictures are a reminder of the day they conceive their first litter. On 21st of  February 2016, Sky & Shiva mating … Such a surprise!

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